There are so many things that affect the skin. The face is particularly vulnerable because it is always exposed to the environment. All of these factors can age, darken, wrinkle and scar the face making it appear old and unhealthy.
Fractional laser skin resurfacing, a non-surgical anti-aging skin rejuvenation method was introduced several years ago as an improved method for wrinkle removal and facial skin rejuvenation.
Fractional laser skin resurfacing is a skin rejuvenation technique which removes dead surface skin cells and pigment and stimulates the deep layer of the skin, the dermis to produce new collagen to replace the collagen that has been lost by facial aging changes. This method works well to give you a youthful glow and reduce fine lines and wrinkles primarily around the eyes and mouth.
Laser skin resurfacing, unlike a surgical facelift, seeks to improve facial appearance by targeting the more superficial layers of the skin. Whereas a facelift removes droopy bulges and sagging skin, skin resurfacing procedures improve wrinkles, scars, and uneven pigmentation on the skin surface.
Patients with deep, static wrinkles, moderate to severe acne scars, or deep hyperpigmentation will generally require deep skin resurfacing. This procedure may involve intravenous sedation anesthesia for patient comfort, or infiltration of local anesthetic (numbing medicine) into the treatment areas. Cosmetic surgery practice utilizes many laser systems for deep resurfacing, some of them are: the ERbium: YAG laser and the CO2 laser.
Erbium: YAG Laser
The Erbium: YAG laser uses light of a 2940 nm wavelength which is readily absorbed by water in our cells. It treats light-skinned to moderately dark or olive-skinned patients with little to no risk of hypopigmentation (permanent skin lightening) and very little risk of hyperpigmentation (darkening of skin) or scarring in experienced hands. This laser can achieve dramatic results which compare with CO2 laser in many cases.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Laser
CO2 laser resurfacing has long been considered a "gold standard" in deep laser resurfacing, due to the impressive nature of results obtained. It uses a 10,600nm infrared beam which is also well-absorbed by water in our cells. Newer CO2 laser "scanning" technology has significantly lowered the risks of adverse effects such as hypopigmentation, or skin lightening. The CO2 laser generally suits patients with fair to average complexions, although new "fractionated" technology allows the laser to be used for most skin types.
Skin Resurfacing can erase damage done to the skin, but it can not prevent new damage from occurring, so it is imperative that you take good care of your skin. This will help maximize your results and, though it won't stop it, perhaps slow the natural aging process of your skin so you can keep a more youthful look as you age.